Waste management is nonetheless a process of recycling wastage to use it as most valuable resource. It is highly helpful to prevent money scarcity sometimes and on the other hand, keeps our mother nature way more purified. It is the process of treating solid wastes and offers variety of solutions for recycling items that don’t belong to trash. Each and every household and business owner in the world needs waste disposal. Waste management disposes of the products and substances that you have use in a safe and efficient manner later. According to experts, through this process our economy and environment both can thrive retrospectively. This process totally focuses on maximizing resource value and minimizing or totally eliminating pollution that impacts our nature. Waste disposal is all the activities and actions required to manage waste from its inception to its final disposal. It also encompasses the legal and regulatory framework that relates to waste management encompassing guidance on recycling according to a healthy cycle. Americans alone are responsible for producing a whopping 220 million tons of waste every year. This number is far more than any other nation in the world. Because of this fact both the government and environmental associations have developed various numerous methods of dealing with the problem. Waste management is that solution, a rather complex issue that encompasses more than 20 different industries. Waste management is collection, transportation, and disposal of garbage, sewage and other waste products.
Methods of Waste Management and Recycling
Though there are some scientific methods of recycling wastage it is also performed in some really informal ways. Some common ways of Waste disposal are taken here to discuss.
Waste Minimization: This is the simplest method of Waste disposal. Basically, we should care not to litter wastages and to minimize our habits to contaminate our environment. Waste reduction can be done through recycling old materials like jar, bags, repairing broken items instead of buying new one, avoiding use of disposable products like plastic bags, reusing second hand items, and buying items that uses less designing. Recycling and composting are a couple of the best methods of waste management. Composting is so far only possible on a small scale, either by private individuals or in areas where waste can be mixed with farming soil or used for landscaping purposes. Recycling is widely used around the world, with plastic, paper and metal leading the list of the most recyclable items. Most material recycled is reused for its original purpose.
Producing Energy from non-recycled garbage: Waste to energy (WtE) process involves converting of non-recyclable waste items into useable heat, electricity, or fuel through a variety of processes. Waste-to-Energy, also widely recognized by its acronym WtE is the generation of energy in the form of heat or electricity from waste. This type of source of energy is a renewable energy source as non-recyclable waste can be used over and over again to create energy. It can also help to reduce carbon emissions by offsetting the need for energy from fossil sources. These are the ways we can provide a strong economy and healthy lifestyle in a pollution-free environment.
Composting: Composting is a bio-degradation process that includes only organic wastes. This one of the easy processes. It occurs by allowing organic materials to sit in one place for months until microbes decompose it. In this process unsafe organic waste also can be safe compost.
Landfills: Landfills are commonly found in developing countries, like Asian countries. Throwing daily garbage in the landfills is the most popularly used method of waste disposal used today. This process of waste disposal focuses attention on burying the waste in the land. This method is becoming less these days although, thanks to the lack of space available and the strong presence of methane and other landfill gases, both of which can cause numerous contamination problems. Landfills give rise to air and water pollution which severely affects the environment and can prove fatal to the lives of humans and animals. Many areas are reconsidering the use of landfills. While it is true this is the most popular form of waste disposal, it is certainly far from the only procedure and one that may also bring with it an assortment of space.
Plasma gasification: Plasma is a primarily an electrically charged or a highly ionized gas. Lighting is one type of plasma which produces temperatures. During the treatment solid waste by plasma gasification, the waste’s molecular bonds are broken down as consequent of the intense heat in the vessels and the elemental components. Thanks to this method, destruction of waste and dangerous materials is found. This form of waste disposal provides renewable energy and an assortment of other fantastic benefits. This kind of Waste Management is becoming popular now a days because of its benefits.
Combustion: Incineration or combustion is a type disposal method in which municipal solid wastes are burned at high temperature so as as to convert them into residue and gaseous products. The wastage gets melted and then is used. The biggest advantage of this type of process is that it can reduce the volume of solid waste to 20 to 30 percent of the original volume, decreases the space they take up and reduce the stress on landfills.
Waste management can also be known as resource recovery. Resource recovery is the process of taking useful discarded items for a specific next use. These discarded items are then processed to extract or recover materials and resources or convert them to energy in the form of useable heat, electricity or fuel. Recycling is the process of converting waste products into new products to prevent energy usage and consumption of fresh raw materials. Recycling is the third component of Reduce, Reuse and Recycle in waste management hierarchy. The idea behind recycling is to reduce energy usage, reduce volume of landfills, reduce air and water pollution, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and preserve natural resources for future use. There are certain waste types that are considered as hazardous and cannot be disposed of without special handling which will prevent contamination from occurring. So, all of these processes are being followed to reorganize our pollution-free Earth with neatness.